A healthy diet prevents digestive disorders in those over 60, according to SEGG

 

 

 


/COMUNICAE/

Constipation or irritable bowel syndrome, some of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in older ones. The Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology celebrates its 61 national congress in Zaragoza focusing on active ageing

The geriatricians, who meet since this Wednesday at the 61st Congress of the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (SEGG), recommend a healthy diet, based on the Mediterranean diet, to prevent digestive disorders that usually appear from the 60's, or become chronic. This congress presents the online course ‘Motility disorders of the digestive tract, from the beginning to the end’, which has the collaboration of Laboratorios Norgine, with which it is intended to train health professionals and “disassemble the myth that they are characteristic of the age and cannot be acted against them”, says Dr. Carlos Verdejo, coordinator of the course and vice president of the SEGG.

 

The modifications and manifestations that aging produces in the digestive tract “make more frequent the appearance of problems and changes that complicate and diminish the quality of life of the older person,” says Dr. Verdejo. In this sense, the decrease in motility in the esophagus or intestine, “can favor the disconfort of these people and generate various disorders that can become chronic, such as constipation, fecal impact or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or secondary nutritional alterations to them,” he adds.
Among the changes that occur in the intestine with the progress of the age are the atrophy of the mucosa and glandular, neuronal degeneration, modifications in the intestinal flora or alterations in the mitochondrial distribution, among others. “Therefore, it is essential to follow a healthy and balanced diet, to be the best nourished possible to prevent these anatomical and functional losses from impacting the quality of life and evolving into greater problems. But it should also be borne in mind that as it ages, less physical activity, less intake of fiber and water, immobility or drugs are common. On the other hand, factors such as economics, dependency, polypharmacy, or loss of appetite, often complicate the elderly to follow a complete diet,” says Dr. Verdejo.

Health professionals consider it essential that from the 60’s “exist awareness of the importance of nutrition and that having proper eating habits help to maintain health in good condition, to prevent the occurrence of diseases and to control them, as is the case of disorders such as constipation or irritable bowel syndrome”, says Dr. Verdejo. In this sense, they recommend making five small meals, low in fats and rich in fruits, vegetables and vegetables, and drinking a lot of water, especially “in addition to incorporating physical exercise practice on a regular basis,” he adds.

Frequent bowel disease in major
The anatomical changes of the lower gastrointestinal tract can contribute, among others, to “the delay in the transit time and the decrease in the water content in the feces, which makes constipation the most common digestive symptom in older people, also because of the low intake of fiber and sedentarism”, says Dr. Carlos Verdejo. Thus, according to SEGG data it affects about 20-30% at age 65, but between 30 and 50% above age 75. “The figures are higher in those people who are admitted or living in residences,” he warns. Your treatment should be individualized and take into account the experience of each patient, as well as the presence of other diseases. “In all cases it will be necessary to implement changes in food and lifestyle. If this does not work, the use of laxatives will be necessary, which can happen up to 60% of them, which uses them chronically,” he says. The most used are osmotic and, in particular, the polyethylene glycol based on electrolytes, “has an isoosmotic formulation to avoid possible complications that may cause a hydroelectrolytic alteration, something that happens easily in greater due to its low hydration,” he says. In addition, it allows to treat fecal impact, one of the most common consequences of poor control of constipation.

Another of the most common intestinal motility disorders is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). “This is not easy to recognize in these people, due to the presence of systemic disorders, such as diabetes, which can alter the perception of pain. This is why their management will be more difficult and complicated than in younger people,” explains Dr. Verdejo. In these chaos, pain is located in the middle and lower region of the abdomen and is resolved after defecation or gas removal, since at these ages the IBS associated with constipation predominates.

61 Congress of the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (@seggeriatria)
The 61st Congress of the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (@seggeriatria) will take place at the Palacio de Congresos de Zaragoza on 12, 13 and 14 June and will bring together more than 1,100 health professionals related to the elderly. It will focus on active ageing, to remove the stigmatization that older people are dependent, sad or passive.

A healthy diet prevents digestive disorders in those over 60, according to SEGG

A healthy diet prevents digestive disorders in those over 60, according to SEGG

Constipation or irritable bowel syndrome, some of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in older ones. The Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology c

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2023-04-11

 

A healthy diet prevents digestive disorders in those over 60, according to SEGG
A healthy diet prevents digestive disorders in those over 60, according to SEGG

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